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Ninth International Symposium on Human Aspects of Information Security & Assurance (HAISA 2015)
Title: An Information Security Culture Model Validated with Structural Equation Modelling
Author(s): Nico Martins, Adele Da Veiga
Keywords: Information security culture, theoretical model, empirical model, policies, awareness, management, compliance
Abstract: Information security culture must be considered as part of the information security programme to direct employee behaviour. Such a culture can contribute to the protection of information and minimise the risk that employee behaviour poses. This paper proposes a theoretical model, i.e. an information security culture model (ISCM) with four mechanisms (i.e. management, policies, awareness and compliance) that potentially influence information security culture positively. ISCM is based on the information security culture assessment (ISCA) questionnaire dimensions that are correlated with the theoretical mechanisms (dimensions). The theoretical model is validated through structural equation modelling (SEM) using empirical data derived from an ISCA assessment. This research produces a sound theoretical information security culture model, which is supported by the empirical study and further confirms the research hypothesis that management, policies, awareness and compliance contribute to an information security-positive culture as represented by the validated model.
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