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Dr Lingfen Sun PhD

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L.Sun@plymouth.ac.uk

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Speech Quality Analysis for Voice over Internet Protocol Networks

IP networks are on a steep slope of innovation that will make them the long-term carrier of all types of traffic, including voice. However, such networks are not designed to support real-time voice communication because their variable characteristics (e.g. due to delay, delay variation and packet loss) lead to a deterioration in voice quality. A major challenge in such networks is how to measure or predict voice quality accurately and efficiently for QoS monitoring and/or control purposes to ensure that technical and commercial requirements are met.

Voice quality can be measured using either subjective or objective methods. Subjective measurement (e.g. MOS) is the benchmark for objective methods, but it is slow, time consuming and expensive. Objective measurement can be intrusive or non-intrusive. Intrusive methods (e.g. ITU PESQ) are more accurate, but normally are unsuitable for monitoring live traffic because of the need for a reference data and to utilise the network. This makes non-intrusive methods(e.g. ITU E-model) more attractive for monitoring voice quality from IP network impairments. However, current non-intrusive methods rely on subjective tests to derive model parameters and as a result are limited and do not meet new and emerging applications.

The main goal of the project is to develop novel and efficient models for non-intrusive speech quality prediction to overcome the disadvantages of current subjective-based methods and to demonstrate their usefulness in new and emerging VoIP applications. The main contributions of the thesis are fourfold:

(1) a detailed understanding of the relationships between voice quality, IP network impairments (e.g. packet loss, jitter and delay) and relevant parameters associated with speech (e.g. codec type, gender and language) is provided. An understanding of the perceptual effects of these key parameters on voice quality is important as it provides a basis for the development of non-intrusive voice quality prediction models. A fundamental investigation of the impact of the parameters on perceived voice quality was carried out using the latest ITU algorithm for perceptual evaluation of speech quality, PESQ, and by exploiting the ITU E-model to obtain an objective measure of voice quality.

(2) a new methodology to predict voice quality non-intrusively was developed. The method exploits the intrusive algorithm, PESQ, and a combined PESQ/E-model structure to provide a perceptually accurate prediction of both listening and conversational voice quality non-intrusively. This avoids time-consuming subjective tests and so removes one of the major obstacles in the development of models for voice quality prediction. The method is generic and as such has wide applicability in multimedia applications. Efficient regression-based models and robust artificial neural network-based learning models were developed for predicting voice quality non-intrusively for VoIP applications.

(3) three applications of the new models were investigated: voice quality monitoring/prediction for real Internet VoIP traces, perceived quality driven playout buffer optimization and perceived quality driven QoS control. The neural network and regression models were both used to predict voice quality for real Internet VoIP traces based on international links. A new adaptive playout buffer and a perceptual optimization playout buffer algorithms are presented. A QoS control scheme that combines the strengths of rate-adaptive and priority marking control schemes to provide a superior QoS control in terms of measured perceived voice quality is also provided.

(4) a new methodology for Internet-based subjective speech quality measurement which allows rapid assessment of voice quality for VoIP applications is proposed and assessed using both objective and traditional MOS test methods.

Dr Lingfen Sun

Director of studies: Prof Emmanuel Ifeachor
Other supervisors: Dr Benn Lines

Journal papers

Range-based Relative Velocity Estimations for Networked Mobile Devices
Li Z, Sun L, Ifeachor E
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 58, No. 4, pp 2095 – 2099, 2009
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A New Buffer Algorithm for Speech Quality Improvement in VoIP System
Qiao Z, Venkatasubramanian RK, Sun L, Ifeachor E
Springer Wireless Personal Communications Journal, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 189 – 207, 2008
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GPS-free mobility metrics for mobile ad hoc networks
Li Z, Sun L, Ifeachor E
IET Communications, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp970-976, 2007
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Voice Quality Prediction Models and their Applications in VoIP Networks
Sun L, Ifeachor E
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp809- 820, 2006
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4 Journal papers

Conference papers

QoE Enhancements in IEEE 802.11e EDCA for Video Transmission through Selective Queueing
Khambari MBM, Ghita BV, Lancaster D, Sun L
Proceedings of the Eleventh International Network Conference (INC 2016), Frankfurt, Germany, July 19-21, pp85-90, ISBN: 978-1-84102-410-3, 2016
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Performance-driven evaluation for deploying IMS-based interoperability scenarios
Fajardo JO, Liberal F, Li F, Clarke NL, Mkwawa IH, Sun L
IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE ICC 2014), 10-14 June 2014, Sydney, Australia, pp.3019-3024, 2014
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User Requirements for Future Wideband Critical Communications
Liberal F, Ramos M, Fajardo JO, Goi N, Bizkarguenaga A, Mesogiti I, Theodoropoulou E, Lyberopoulos G, Koumaras H, Sun L, Clarke NL, Li F
Proceeding of the International Workshop on Emergency Telecommunications Systems (ETS 2013), Wrexham, UK, 12 September, pp341-348, 2013
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Impact of Packet Loss Location on Perceived Speech Quality
Sun L, Wade G, Lines BL, Ifeachor E
Proceedings of 2nd IP-Telephony Workshop (IPTEL '01), Columbia University, New York, pp114-122, 2-3 April, 2001
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VoIP Speech Quality Simulation and Evaluation
Sun L, Wade G, Lines BL, Le Foll D, Ifeachor E
Proceedings of the Second International Network Conference (INC 2000), Plymouth, UK, pp157-164, 3-6 July, 2000
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End-to-end Speech Quality Analysis for VoIP
Sun L, Wade G, Lines BL, Ifeachor E, Le Foll D
Proceedings of IEE 16th UK Teletraffic Symposium on Management of Quality of Service, Harlow, UK, 22-24 May, 2000
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6 Conference papers

Contributions to edited books

PQoS Assessment Methods for Multimedia Services
Koumaras H, Liberal F, Sun L
in "Handbook of Research on Wireless Multimedia: Quality of Service and Solutions". N.Cranley and L.Murphy (Eds), IGI Global publication, ISBN: 978-1-59904-820-8, pp316-352, 2008
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1 Contributions to edited books

Internal publications

Performance Analysis of Voice Call using Skype
Liu L, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 10, ISBN: 978-1-84102-358-8, pp163-177, 2013
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Performance Analysis of Video Calls Using Skype
Asiri A, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 10, ISBN: 978-1-84102-358-8, pp155-162, 2013
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Performance Analysis of Voice Call using Skype
Pradhan M, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 9, ISBN: 978-1-84102-320-5, pp144-151, 2012
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Performance Analysis of Video Call using Skype
Mathew KK, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 9, ISBN: 978-1-84102-320-5, pp136-143, 2012
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Wireless VoIP Performance Analysis
Karawita A, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 9, ISBN: 978-1-84102-320-5, pp127-135, 2012
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Investigation, Development and Test of Video over IP Applications for IMS/SIP Clients
Bonhomme R, Sun L, Mkwawa IH
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 8, ISBN: 978-1-84102-293-2, pp167-174, 2011
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Studying the Security in VoIP Networks
Alseqyani A, Mkwawa IH, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 8, ISBN: 978-1-84102-293-2, pp158-166, 2011
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Assessment of Speech Quality for VoIP Applications using PESQ and E-Model
Khan HA, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 7, ISBN: 978-1-84102-283-3, pp263-273, 2010
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Voice Quality Assessment for Mobile to SIP Call over Live 3G Network
Venkatakrishnan G, Mkwawa IH, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 7, ISBN: 978-1-84102-283-3, pp132-140, 2010
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Experimental Evaluation of Jitter Buffer Algorithms on Voice over IP Networks
Ouedraogo JP, Sun L, Mkwawa IH
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security Volume 7, ISBN: 978-1-84102-283-3, pp69-77, 2010
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Video Quality Analysis in 3G Mobile Networks
Imran M, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security 6, ISBN: 978-1-84102-258-1, pp64-72, 2009
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Performance Analysis and Comparison of PESQ and 3SQM in Live 3G Mobile Networks
Goudarzi M, Sun L
Advances in Communications, Computing, Networks and Security 6, ISBN: 978-1-84102-258-1, pp48-55, 2009
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12 Internal publications

23 publication(s) - all categories.